Scutellaria Baicalensis Raw Material
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Latin name: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), alias Camellia root and Tujin tea root, is a perennial herb of Scutellaria in Labiatae family; fleshy rhizome is thick, leaves are hard paper, lanceolate to linear lanceolate, racemes are terminal on stems and branches, corolla purple, purple-red to blue, filaments are flat, style is slender, ovary is brown, nutlets are ovoid. Flowering and fruiting stages are from July to September.
Scutellaria baicalensis was born on the sunny grassland sloping land and fallow land, with an altitude of 60-1300 (1700-2000) meters. Produced in Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Henan, Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Sichuan and other places, most provinces and regions in northern China can be planted. Russia, East Siberia, Mongolia, Korea and Japan are all distributed. Type specimens were collected from Russia.
The root of Scutellaria baicalensis has bitter taste and cold nature. It has the functions of clearing heat, drying dampness, purging fire and detoxifying, hemostasis and placenta. It mainly treats febrile diseases, upper respiratory tract infections, pulmonary fever cough, damp-heat jaundice, pneumonia, dysentery, hemoptysis, red eyes, fetal disturbance, hypertension, carbuncle, etc. The clinical antimicrobial activity of Scutellaria baicalensis is better than that of Coptis chinensis, and it does not produce resistance.